Grammar » 42 » Double (Transitive) Verb Endings

So far, we have been using simple endings with verbs:

I see.
-vunga indicates the subject of the sentence, or who does the seeing. It doesn’t indicate the object of the sentence, or what we see.

In English, if we want to talk about what we see, we would add a pronoun to the sentence to indicate an object:

I see her.

In Inuktitut, we use verb endings that indicate both the subject and the object of the sentence. These are known as transitive verb endings.

takuvunga (basic verb ending) I see.
takuvaga (transitive verb ending) I see her.
malivuk She is following.
malijânga She is following me.

Here are the simplest forms of these transitive verb endings:

Where I am doing the action:  
takujagit  I see you.
takujaga I see him / her / it.
Where you are doing the action:  
takujamma You see me.
takujait You see him / her / it.
Where he/she/it is doing the action:  
takujânga She sees me.
takujâtit She sees you.
takujanga She sees him.


The basic form of these affixes begin with j- when added to a root ending in a vowel. With some verbs, you may hear some speakers use verb roots ending in a t: and following them with a verb ending that starts with t-:

malit + taga =  
malittaga I am following him.
ikajut + tânga =  
ikajuttânga She is helping me.