Grammar » 30 » This & That

Inuktut has a complex system of words to talk about an object based on where it is located (this one right here, that one over there, this one up here, etc.). At this stage, we will just look at the simplest forms.

Localizers in Nunatsiavummiutut have two forms: one for the singular and one for the dual / plural:

una this one
ukua these two
tânna that one
tâkkua those two / these (3+)

Una and ukua generally refer to something close to the speaker while tânna / tâkkua refer to something farther away. This very much depends on the context of the conversation, however.

In this lesson we see localizers used to ask who something belongs to:

Una kiap nasanga? Whose hat is this?
Una nasaga. This is my hat
Tâkkua kiap pualogik? Whose mitts (2) are those?
Tâkkua pualokkik. Those are your mitts.


Note that the word kiap (whose) and una can be combined to form a single word:


Who does this belong to?